Unit-9 Work & Leisure: Summary of the Poem Leisure – Class 9 English Exercise

About the Writer of Leisure

W.H. Davies, the writer of the poem Leisure, born in 1871 in Newport, Wales, was a Welsh poet known for his unconventional life and profound observations of nature. His experiences as a tramp and his exposure to various odd jobs shaped his unique perspective on the world. Davies gained recognition with the publication of his second collection, “The Autobiography of a Super-Tramp,” in 1908, where he depicted the struggles of the working class and yearned for a simpler existence.

Throughout his poetry, Davies celebrated the beauty of nature, finding joy in everyday experiences and reflecting on the fleeting nature of life. He continued to write and publish poetry, with notable collections including “Nature Poems” and “Collected Poems.” W.H. Davies’ works were admired for their sincerity, lyrical quality, and contemplative insights into the human condition. He passed away in 1940, leaving behind a lasting literary legacy that continues to resonate with readers.

Summary of the Poem Lesure

“Leisure” by W.H. Davies is a reflective poem that emphasizes the significance of leisure time and the pursuit of happiness through simplicity. The speaker challenges the prevailing notion that a fast-paced, materialistic lifestyle leads to fulfilment, and instead advocates for the importance of leisure in finding true joy.

The poem critiques a society that values productivity and material gain above all else, reminding readers of the fleeting nature of life and the need to prioritize moments of rest and appreciation. The beauty of nature is a recurring theme, as the speaker contemplates the transient wonders of the natural world.

Encouraging a change in perspective, the poet urges readers to slow down and find delight in the small pleasures of life, such as gazing at the stars, listening to birdsong, or simply wandering freely amidst nature. It is in these moments of solitude and introspection that the speaker believes genuine happiness can be discovered.

“Leisure” serves as a poignant reminder to embrace leisure time as a means of finding contentment and embracing the simple joys that surround us. By taking the time to truly engage with our surroundings and appreciate the world’s wonders, we can cultivate a deeper sense of fulfillment and lead more meaningful lives.

Exercise of the Leisure: Class 9 English

A. Match the words with their meanings.

a. stare- iv. to look at somebody or something for a long time

b. beneath- v. under somebody or something

c. woods- i. an area of trees

d. enrich – ii. to improve the quality of something

e. glance- iii. to look quickly at somebody or something

B. Answer the following questions.

a. Why is our life so miserable, according to the poet?

⇒ According to the poet, our life is so miserable because we have no time to stand and stare.

b. What do sheep and cows do in nature?

⇒ Sheep and cows stand beneath boughs and stare.

c. What do squirrels do in the woods?

⇒ Squirrels hide their nuts in grass.

d. What magic does Beauty perform?

⇒ Beauty (a beautiful girl) smiles and dances beautifully.

e. What is human life like, if observed carefully?

⇒ If observed carefully, human life is poor.

Grammar II

A. Change the following sentences into passive voice.

Someone is helping her with the housework.

⇒ She is being helped with the housework.

The mail-order company sent him a parcel.

⇒ He was sent a parcel by the mail-order company.

My friend sent me an invitation.

⇒ I was sent an invitation by my friend.

The secretary has given the minister the letters.

⇒ The minister has been given the letters by the secretary.

The traffic police officer had already fined him for a parking offence.

⇒ He had already been fined for a parking offence by the traffic police.

John gave Elizabeth that beautiful ring.

⇒ That beautiful ring was given by John.

Her students have sent her flowers.

She has been sent flowers by her students.

He must give the message to the right person.

The message must be given to the right person.

We teach our students English and French.

⇒ Our students are taught English and French.

Someone bought flowers for the bride.

⇒ Flowers were bought for the bride.

The guide showed the tourists the sights of Pokhara.

⇒ The tourists were showed the sights of Pokhara by the guide.

They pay her an excellent salary.

⇒ She is paid an excellent salary.

B. Fill in the blanks with the correct passive form of the verbs in the brackets.

The Mayor inaugurated a sports centre in our town last week. The facility is believed to be one of the largest in the country and experts hope that it will be visited by thousands of amateur and professional athletes over the course of the next few years. The centre had been constructed for over 6 years. However, it hasn’t been completely finished yet. Workers are making the final adjustments this week and say that it will be completed by the end of the month. The centre offers various sports facilities including two indoor swimming pools, three large gyms, and a ball court. They can be booked online or directly at the administration desk. The equipment was bought from local companies, which also provided training programs. The new centre was financed by government funds as well as grants that have been given to the region by the European Union. Politicians and famous athletes from all over the country have been invited to the official opening ceremony, scheduled for next Tuesday.

Writing II

Write an essay about ‘Work and Leisure’ in approximately 200 words.

Work and Leisure

Work and leisure are two fundamental aspects of human life that play significant roles in shaping our experiences, perspectives, and overall well-being. Work represents the necessary activities we engage in to earn a living, contribute to society, and meet our material needs. It often involves dedicated time, effort, and skill application. On the other hand, leisure encompasses the time we spend outside of work, engaging in activities that bring us pleasure, relaxation, and personal fulfillment.

Work provides a sense of purpose, accomplishment, and financial stability. It allows us to utilize our skills and talents, contribute to society’s progress, and establish a sense of identity and self-worth. However, an excessive focus on work can lead to burnout, stress, and neglect of other important aspects of life. This is where leisure steps in as a vital counterbalance.

Leisure time allows us to recharge, rejuvenate, and pursue activities that bring us joy and fulfillment. It enables us to explore our passions, develop hobbies, spend quality time with loved ones, and appreciate the beauty of life. Engaging in leisure activities nurtures our mental and emotional well-being, fosters creativity, and promotes a healthy work-life balance.

While work and leisure are often viewed as separate entities, they are interconnected and influence each other. A well-rounded life integrates work and leisure harmoniously, ensuring that we find fulfillment in both domains. Striking a balance between the two is crucial for maintaining overall happiness, productivity, and a sense of fulfillment.

In conclusion, work and leisure are integral aspects of human existence. Work provides purpose, financial stability, and personal growth, while leisure offers opportunities for relaxation, self-expression, and enjoyment. Balancing the demands of work and the benefits of leisure is essential for leading a fulfilling and meaningful life. By acknowledging the importance of both and nurturing a healthy integration, we can optimize our well-being and create a life of purpose and joy.

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