The Problem of Unemployment in Nepal – An Essay
Nepal has to face many problems and one of these is the problem of unemployment. The whole world is facing this problems but Nepal is one of the worst sufferers. The number of the unemployed is always on the increase. The government is finding it difficult to solve however the policies developing by government has shown little light in the field of employment. The current situation of job market and contemporary belief system of labor are the major causes for unemployment. The condition of health and safety measures does not supporting in Nepalese context for lower graded job along with the payment. The spreading pandemic of COVID-19 possibly hampers the Nepalese job market in the near future.
Unemployment means lack of work for those who are willing to work. It means compulsory leisure to some, when others are over-worked. Both the educated and the uneducated have suffered and are still suffering from unemployment. There is unemployment in the skilled as well as unskilled people and some people are intentionally unemployed as they don’t have sense of respect in working in low paying sectors. In some cases the skill of people is not utilized because of opportunities.
There are many reasons for unemployment. The population is increasing rapidly. The factory system is killing cottage industries. Manual workers cannot find jobs. Nepal migrant workers sent $8.1 billion in 2018 marking if the 19th biggest beneficiary of funds sends by migrants around the world, according to the report released by World Bank. The remittances were up to 16.39 percent year on year deposit a drop in the number of departures. The population of Nepal represents 0.44 percent of the world’s total population which arguably means that one person in every 229 people on the planet is a resident of Nepal, where as the unemployment nation is 3.20 to 4.50. It shows the incensement in population the chance or incensement in unemployment is possible in future.
Nepal has secured the top spot in job creation in South Asia with employment rate hovering around 68 percent says the latest world bank report. This means 32 percent of the country’s working age population people aged 15 to 64 is either unemployed or voluntarily inactive the lowest in south Asia. The major cause of unemployment in Nepal is respect to the profession. Nepalese people are ready to risk their lives in overseas where as they don’t like to invest time in Nepal for similar pay. On the other hand the employment problem has been correspondence to the currency value is somehow similar the pay which manpower receives differs in various countries.
Our system of education is defective. It produces only clerks who are feeling shame of doing small jobs. Nepal is an agricultural country but no one wants to do the farming and to live in village. All want to rush towards cities. The life of a farmer is looked down upon. So, there is rush for government service in cities and towns. Parents send their sons and daughters to school and collages in order to enable them to get a good job after education. so, there is a rush of candidates before offices. Very few candidates get into them while others remain unemployed.
The big number of youth has been returned to Nepal from different foreign country because of covid-19. The pandemic has snacked the opportunity of employment inside the population which was employed in overseas is returned to the country. In this situation, we can guess the situation of employment in Nepal in the near future. Our government is trying to solve this problem. Technical and vocational colleges are being opened. Cottages and handloom industries are being encouraged. Every effort is being made for family planning to control population. Irrigation and multipurpose projects are multiplying fast.
But there is still much to be done. The first things to be done are to being about a complete change in the outlook of our young men and women. For this our educations system should be greatly changed. They are to be taught the dignity of labour that they may leave their love for clerical jobs. They must feel attracted towards manual labour, farming and doing things in small cottage industries of their own. Only then the problem can be solved to a great extent.