Unit-8 Science & Technology: Humanoid Robot Sophia – Class 9 English Exercise

Humanoid Robot Sophia is the Reading text I of Unit 8 Science & Technology class 9. In this article we have published the exercise of Humanoid Robot Sophia class 9 English including grammar, writing and question answer.

Exercise of Humanoid Robot Sophia

Glossary of the Text

admiration [ˌædməˈreɪʃən] – A feeling of respect and approval.

agriculture [ˈæɡrɪˌkʌltʃər] – The practice or science of cultivating the soil, producing crops, and raising livestock.

applause [əˈplɔːz] – The act of clapping hands together to show approval or appreciation.

applicability [ˌæplɪkəˈbɪlɪti] – The quality of being relevant or suitable to be applied.

artificial intelligence [ˌɑːrˈtɪfɪʃəl ɪnˈtɛlɪdʒəns] – The theory and development of computer systems capable of performing tasks that normally require human intelligence.

audience [ˈɔːdiəns] – A group of people who gather to watch or listen to a performance, speech, or event.

awe [ɔː] – A feeling of reverential respect mixed with fear or wonder.

better [ˈbɛtər] – To improve or surpass in quality or performance.

celebrity [səˈlɛbrəti] – A famous or well-known person.

champion [ˈtʃæmpiən] – To support, advocate, or defend the cause of.

citizen [ˈsɪtɪzən] – A legally recognized subject or national of a state or commonwealth.

civil servant [ˈsɪvəl ˈsɜːrvənt] – An employee of the government or a government agency.

climate [ˈklaɪmət] – The prevailing weather conditions in a particular region or period.

combat [ˈkɒmbæt] – To take action to reduce or prevent (something bad or undesirable).

conference [ˈkɒnfərəns] – A formal meeting for discussion or exchange of information.

conclusion [kənˈkluːʒən] – The end or finish of an event, process, or text.

connect [kəˈnɛkt] – To bring together or join things so that they touch or form a link.

corruption [kəˈrʌpʃən] – Dishonest or fraudulent conduct by those in power, typically involving bribery.

development [dɪˈvɛləpmənt] – The process of growth, progress, or advancement.

disaster [dɪˈzæstər] – A sudden event, such as an accident or natural catastrophe, causing great damage or loss.

e-education [ˈiːɪˌdʒʊˈkeɪʃən] – Electronic education; the use of electronic media and devices in education.

empower [ɪmˈpaʊər] – To give someone the authority or power to do something.

endless [ˈɛndlɪs] – Having or seeming to have no end or limit.

environment [ɪnˈvaɪrənmənt] – The surroundings or conditions in which a person, animal, or plant lives or operates.

fair [fɛər] – An exhibition to promote particular products or activities.

fear [fɪər] – An unpleasant emotion caused by the belief that someone or something is dangerous.

fighting [ˈfaɪtɪŋ] – Engaging in a physical or verbal struggle.

flash [flæʃ] – To emit a sudden, intense burst of light.

gender [ˈdʒɛndər] – The state of being male or female, typically used with reference to social and cultural differences.

global [ˈɡloʊbəl] – Relating to the whole world; worldwide.

government [ˈɡʌvərnmənt] – The group of people with the authority to govern a country or state.

green energy [ɡriːn ˈɛnərdʒi] – Renewable energy derived from natural sources that do not deplete the Earth’s resources.

hall [hɔːl] – A large room or building used for public gatherings or events.

highlight [ˈhaɪˌlaɪt] – To emphasize or draw attention to something.

humanoid [ˈhjuːmənɔɪd] – Resembling or having the characteristics of a human.

importance [ɪmˈpɔːrtəns] – The quality of being significant or having value.

innovation [ˌɪnəˈveɪʃən] – The action or process of introducing new ideas, methods, or products.

interaction [ˌɪntərˈækʃən] – The reciprocal action or influence of two or more objects, organisms, or people.

internet [ˈɪntərnɛt] – A global computer network providing a variety of information and communication facilities.

keynote [ˈkiːˌnoʊt] – The principal theme or underlying message of a speech, program, or event.

media [ˈmiːdiə] – The main means of mass communication regarded collectively.

model [ˈmɒdəl] – A system or thing used as an example to follow or imitate.

possibilities [ˌpɒsəˈbɪlɪtiz] – Options or potential courses of action.

poverty [ˈpɒvərti] – The state of being extremely poor, lacking the means to meet basic needs.

post-disaster [poʊst ˈdɪzæstər] – Relating to or occurring after a disastrous event.

private sector [ˈpraɪvɪt ˈsɛktər] – The part of the economy that is not controlled by the government.

protect [prəˈtɛkt] – To keep safe from harm, damage, or loss.

prototype [ˈproʊtəˌtaɪp] – A first or preliminary version of something from which other forms are developed.

resources [rɪˈsɔːrsɪz] – A stock or supply of money, materials, staff, and other assets.

revolution [ˌrɛvəˈluːʃən] – A dramatic and wide-reaching change in conditions, attitudes, or operations.

robotics [rəˈbɒtɪks] – The branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots.

separate [ˈsɛpəˌreɪt] – To divide or disconnect things into distinct parts.

sustainable [səˈsteɪnəbəl] – Able to be maintained at a certain rate or level without depleting resources or causing significant damage.

technology [tɛkˈnɒlədʒi] – The application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes, especially in industry and commerce.

telemedicine [ˈtɛlɪˌmɛdəsɪn] – The remote diagnosis and treatment of patients by means of telecommunications technology.

transform [trænsˈfɔːrm] – To make a thorough or dramatic change in the form, appearance, or character of something.

UNDP (United Nations Development Program) [ˌjuːɛnˌdiːˈpiː] – A United Nations agency that aims to eradicate poverty, reduce inequality, and achieve sustainable development globally.

valley [ˈvæli] – A low area of land between hills or mountains, typically with a river or stream flowing through it.

vision [ˈvɪʒən] – The ability to see or the act of seeing.

A. Match the following words with their meanings.

a. humanoid- viii. a machine or creature that looks and behaves like a human

b. awe- iii. feelings of respect and slight fear

c. revolution – vii. a great change in conditions, beliefs, etc.

d. celebrity- i. a famous person

e. enthusiast vi. a person who is very interested in a particular activity or subject

f. applaud- ii. to clap in approval

g. takeover- v. an act of controlling somebody or something

h. prototype- iv. the first design of a device or machine

B. Fill in the blanks with suitable words/phrases from the text above.

a. Sophia greeted the audience in Kathmandu with a ‘Namaste’.

b. She presented her keynote speech about the importance of technology.

c. The Innovation Conference and Fair was organised by UNDP

d. Sophia was built two and a half years ago.

e. According to Sophia, technology can transform state institutions.

f. Using artificial intelligence could bring a revolution in the agriculture sector.

g. According to the robot, the news of a robot taking over humans was fake.

h. In the opinion of Valerie Julliand, technology is giving us solutions to various problems.

C. Answer the following questions on the basis of the text: Humanoid Robot Sophia

a. Who is Sophia?

⇒ Sophia is a social humanoid robot and the world’s first robot citizen.

b. What was the main highlight of the conference ?

⇒ The main highlight of the conference was the importance of technology in the development of human lives.

c. How can artificial intelligence be useful in Nepal, according to Sophia?

⇒ According to Sophia, artificial intelligence can be useful in Nepal as we can ensure better public services, a revolution in the agriculture sector, make better use of limited resources, protect the environment and make the world a better place.

d. Who was the audience comprised of?

⇒ The audience was comprised of government officials, private sector representatives, civil servants and tech enthusiasts.

e. How long did Sophia speak for?

⇒ Sophia spoke for three minutes.

f. Why are innovative project models being developed in Nepal, according to UNDP?

⇒ According to UNDP, innovative project models are being developed in Nepal to connect remote areas and people with solutions which were impossible earlier.

Grammar I

Relative Clause

A. Complete the following sentences with relative clauses.

a. Manju works for a company which is owned by my father.

b. The story is about a girl who is blind.

c. What was the name of the dog which used to be your favourite pet?

d. The police have caught the criminals who broke into my house.

e. Gram Bell was the man who invented the telephone.

f. What happened to the painting which was gifted on your birthday

g. An encyclopedia is a book which gives information about all areas of knowledge

h. I hate people who lie about their age

i. The Earth seems to be the only planet where life is possible.

j. A detective is a person whose job is to examine crimes and catch criminals.

k. Can you tell me the name of the book which you bought yesterday?

Writing

Write a news story using the outlines.

Nepal’s Yantrika Robot Displayed at Online Exhibition

Kathmandu, June 24 (SkulTech) – Yantrika, the human-shaped and advanced robot developed by a team led by Engineer Roshan Pandey from Nepal Academy of Science and Technology (NAST), has been put on the international online robot exhibition.

The exhibition, titled Smart Maker Festival 2020, is being jointly organized by Smart Society of Canada, Business Upside, USA and IEM America Corporation from December 5. The best innovative technologies from America, Canada, Germany, India, UK, among other countries, are being displayed in the exhibition.

Yantrika is based on Artificial Intelligence (AI) and can identify mask-wearing people from the ones who aren’t wearing. In addition to giving the masks and sanitisers, it measures their body temperature. The main objective of the technology is to disseminate information regarding wearing a mask, using sanitiser, among other things, to the general public.

Engineer Pandey said that Yantrika is one of its kind in Nepal and it looks like a lady. He is confident that the robot will be able to compete with the best robots from other countries in the exhibition.

The exhibition will continue till the December end.