Historical Inventions All Exercise
A. Complete the crossword puzzle with the words in red from the text.
2. an object that causes a feeling of great surprise and admiration-wonder
6. made by people, often as a copy of something natural- artificial
7. understand a situation- realized
1. an idea or fact that something is based on- foundation
3. unusual or surprising in a way that causes people to take notice-remarkable
4. the use of a communication system that works by sending electric signals through wires or by radio waves- telegraphy
5. forced someone to leave a place/ state- expelled
B. Match the inventions with their inventors.
a. Application of Steam Engine – iv. James Watt
b. Motor car – v. Daimler
c. Electricity – i. Michael Faraday
d. Spaceship – iii. A group of scientists
e. Mobile phone- ii. Reginald Fessenden
C. Read the text again and answer these questions.
a. What incident inspired James Watt to invent the steam engine?
James Watt was inspired to invent the steam engine when he observed the lid of a kettle rising due to the pressure of steam from the boiling water. He realized that the power of steam could be used to drive engines.
b. Mention a benefit of motor car compared to train.
Motor cars are more convenient than trains because they are smaller and can travel on roads that are not designed for trains. Motor cars are also faster than trains over short distances.
c. Why is electricity called ‘white coal’?
Electricity is called ‘white coal’ because water is used to generate it.
d. Why is a spaceship thought to be a wonder?
A spaceship is thought to be a wonder because it is a type of artificial satellite which moves in space beyond the atmosphere of the Earth.
e. When was the first spacecraft launched to the moon?
The first spacecraft was launched to the moon on October 4, 1957.
f. How old are mobile phones?
Mobile phones are about 100 years old. The first mobile phone was invented by Martin Cooper in 1973.
D. What modern appliances or gadgets do you use? Make a list of them and discuss how they have aided in your life.
Washing machine: The washing machine has made it possible for me to do laundry quickly and easily. I use my washing machine to wash my clothes, towels, and bedding.
Dryer: The dryer has made it possible for me to dry my clothes quickly and easily. I use my dryer to dry my clothes, towels, and bedding.
Refrigerator: The refrigerator has made it possible for me to keep my food fresh and cold. I use my refrigerator to store my food, drinks, and leftovers.
Microwave oven: The microwave oven has made it possible for me to cook food quickly and easily. I use my microwave oven to heat up leftovers, cook frozen meals, and make popcorn.
Stove: The stove has made it possible for me to cook food in a variety of ways. I use my stove to boil water, fry eggs, and cook pasta.
Heater: The heater has made it possible for me to stay warm and comfortable in the winter. I use my heater to warm up my home on cold days.
Television: The television has made it possible for me to watch movies, TV shows, and sporting events. I use my television to relax and unwind after a long day.
Computer: The computer has made it possible for me to stay connected with friends and family, to get work done, and to learn new things. I use my computer to write emails, create documents, and browse the internet.
Smartphone: The smartphone has made it possible for me to stay connected with friends and family, to get work done, and to access information. I use my smartphone to make calls, send text messages, and access the internet.
Tablet: The tablet has made it possible for me to stay connected with friends and family, to get work done, and to access information. I use my tablet to read books, watch movies, and play games.
Smartwatch: The smartwatch has made it possible for me to stay connected with friends and family, to get work done, and to access information. I use my smartwatch to check my email, send text messages, and track my fitness goals.
When I was 10 years old, I used to stay with my uncle. At my uncle’s house, I used to start my tasks early in the morning. I used to go to the tap with my aunt to fetch water. After returning from the tap, I used to do my homework. I was free to study but whenever I had free time, I used to work on the farm, too. Despite my daily chores at home, I used to work hard to be in the first position in my studies. We used to create a lot of resources for ourselves. Therefore, we did not use to go on any excursions. All the teachers used to engage us in different practical activities helped me a lot to become successful.
B. Rewrite the given sentences using used to. Use negation where necessary.
a. She lived in Italy when she was five.
She used to live in Italy when she was five.
b. We grew a lot of crops.
We used to grow a lot of crops.
c. Did you spend much money?
Did you use to spend much money?
d. There were a lot of trees in that jungle.
There used to be a lot of trees in that jungle.
e. William and Fiona went to school together.
William and Fiona used to go to school together.
f. The Smiths did not work much.
The Smiths did not use to work much.
g. What did you do in the evenings?
What did you use to do in the evenings?
h. Suhana did not help her parents.
Suhana did not use to help her parents.
i. People were helpful in the past.
People used to be helpful in the past.
You might have attended a ceremony, eg. birthday, picnic, etc. recently. Write a short narrative essay about it. Include the following details about the event:
The Joy of Attending a Wedding Ceremony
I recently attended a wedding ceremony for my cousin. The wedding was held at a beautiful outdoor venue in the mountains. The ceremony was simple and elegant, with the bride and groom exchanging vows in front of their closest friends and family. After the ceremony, there was a reception with dancing, food, and drinks. It was a wonderful celebration of love and commitment.
I was so happy to be able to attend my cousin’s wedding. It was a special day for her and her new husband, and I was honored to be a part of it. I felt so much joy and happiness for them, and I was so proud of them for finding their soulmates.The ceremony itself was very moving
The bride and groom spoke beautiful vows to each other, and it was clear that they were deeply in love. The officiant did a wonderful job of leading the ceremony, and he made it feel very personal and meaningful.
After the ceremony, there was a reception with dancing, food, and drinks. We all had a great time celebrating with the bride and groom. It was a wonderful way to end a perfect day.