Exercise of Education | Unit V – NEB English 12

Education Exercise of Unit – V

This article covers the detailed exercise of the NEB English Unit V Education. Including the grammar section, we have provided you with comprehension and writing exercises as well.

Working with words

A. Match the words in column ‘A’ with their meanings in column ‘B’.

a. expectantly
in a way that shows you are hoping for something, especially something good or exciting

b. beckon
to give a signal to somebody to move nearer or to follow you

c. grapple
to try hard to find a solution to a problem

d. texture
the way food or drink tastes or feels in your mouth

e. cobbled
having a surface that is made of small round stones

f. flimsy
thin and easily torn

g. attire
clothes, especially fine or formal ones

h. marvellous
extremely good; wonderful

i. dynamics
the science of the forces involved in the movement

B. An autobiography is a story of a person’s life, written by himself/herself. Use a dictionary and find the meanings of the following words related to people’s life stories.

Hagiography
the writing of the lives of saints.

Psychobiography
a biographical study focusing on psychological factors, such as childhood traumas and unconscious motives.

Pathography
the study of the life of an individual or the history of a community with regard to the influence of a particular disease or psychological disorder.

Chronicle
a factual written account of important or historical events in the order of their occurrence.

Obituary
a notice of a death, especially in a newspaper, typically including a brief biography of the deceased person.

Character sketch
a brief written description of a person’s qualities.

Profile
a short article giving a description of a person or organization.

Memoir
a historical account or biography is written from personal knowledge.

Exercise of Family | NEB English – 12

Comprehension

A. Put the following events in the life of Abdul Kalam in chronological order.

c. Abdul Kalam attended an elementary school at Rameswaram.
f. One day Abdul Kalam’s teacher visited them to share his pride and pleasure in his performance.
a. They celebrated happiness with poli.
g. A new teacher in the school forbade Abdul Kalam to sit with his Brahmin friend.
e. Many students did not understand Sivasubramania Iyer’s lecture.
d. He then took the students to the seashore for a practical class.
b. Abdul Kalam was determined that he would make a future study about flight and flight systems.

B. Answer the following questions.

a. What were the causes of Abdul Kalam’s happiness?

The causes of Abdul Kalam’s happiness were his supportive father, loving mother, inspirational and motivational teachers at schools, his keen interest in mathematics and his labour and dedication to his study.

b. Which two places did Abdul Kalam visit before going to school?

Abdul Kalam visited his Arabic tutoring class and his mathematics teacher’s home before heading to school.

c. What did he like about mathematics?

He liked to learn the rules and principles of mathematics and solve complex number problems for hours.

d. Why was the new teacher unhappy?

The new teacher was unhappy because he saw a Brahmin boy Ramanadhan Sastry and a Muslim boy Abdul Kalam sitting together in a same bench in the classroom.

e. Why did Abdul Kalam have to split with his intimate friend?

Abdul Kalam had to split with his intimate friend because of the discriminating behaviour of his new teacher in terms of religion in Rameswaram Elementary School.

f. What was the topic of Sivasubramania Iyer’s class?
The topic of Sivasubramania Iyer’s class was how birds could fly in the sky.

g. How was the teacher’s reaction when the students told him they did not understand his lecture?
The teacher didn’t become upset when the students told him that they didn’t understand his lecture.

h. Why did Sivasubramania Iyer take his students to the seashore?

Sivasubramania Iyer took his students to the seashore because he wanted to demonstrate the mechanism of bird flight to the students.

Critical Thinking

a. APJ Abdul Kalam became a renowned aerospace scientist in his later life. Do you find any association of his childhood days shaping his career? Explain with specific instances from the text.

Indian aerospace expert APJ (Avul Pakir Jainulabdeeni) Abdul Kalam is well-known. He was inspired and encouraged to pursue a career in aeronautical science as a result of his instructor Sivasubramania lier’s practical explanation of the flight dynamics of birds. There are several connections between his early years and the development of his profession. He was an avid student of mathematics and consistently received perfect grades in it. While he was studying, he received full grades in science as well. In addition to this, he would attend extra math courses at the house of his teacher. He never stopped working because he enjoyed solving mathematical puzzles.

He found his teacher Sivasubramania lier’s practical lesson to be the most amazing thing. He and his pals were escorted to the Rameswaram coastline for a hands-on presentation of bird flight dynamics. His teacher’s true teaching had left him with influencing words. He discovered how birds could fly by properly balancing their wings and tails. He was inspired to research flight dynamics after learning about the bird’s flying systems, and he did so by carefully following his teacher’s instructions. As a result, he went on to become an aerospace scientist.

b. Kalam mentions an instance of discrimination against him in his school life. What picture of society does he want to depict by saying the incident? Discuss.

He describes a tragic incident of religious prejudice at his school in his memoir. When he spotted a Muslim child named Abdul and a Hindu youngster named Rameswaram seated next to each other on the same bench in the classroom, his new instructor displayed his discriminatory behaviour. He had a close friendship with Rameswaram Sastry, a member of the Hindu community. Abdul was not aware of the religious prejudice between Muslims and Hindus. Hindus and Muslims experienced severe religious discrimination at the time.

The new teacher’s actions painted a realistic portrait of the culture at the time. He banned Abdul from sitting next to his Brahmin buddy because he could not stomach the bond between a Hindu youngster and a Muslim boy. This behaviour completely infuriated Abdul. By highlighting this episode, Abdul hopes to paint an image of a society split among the Muslim and Hindu groups. Few people disagree with these divisions, but the majority of people—including those with education—believe in them.

Exercise of Technology | NEB English 12 Unit – IV

Writing

Write a short autobiography featuring your childhood life using the following guidelines.

I was born in a tiny community in the Myagdi District’s northeast. I come from a family that is middle class. My family includes me and four other people. My admired tailor-father comes first, followed by my charming housewife-mother. My family also consists of a younger sister and my eldest brother, who are also students.

My everyday schedule is centred on studying and attending courses because I’m a student. My daily regimen, which includes brushing my teeth, having a shower, and getting ready for class, begins when I awaken at 6:00 a.m. I then review my notes for the day and check my notes. Typically, my lessons begin at 8:00 am and last at 1:00 pm. I used to go to class every day. I spend some time with my pals after class before returning home. I normally take a snooze till 4:30 pm once I get home. I snooze then go outside and play. By six o’clock, I generally return and take a bath. I then get ready to study and go to bed at 9:00.

I used to play with my siblings quite a bit. I have a lot of great memories of the games we used to play. We used to take our sports gear and hang out at the park, especially at night. We played a new game every day, such as cricket one day and football the next. I cherish these moments of having fun at the park. Most significantly, I recall this incident from a picnic with my family extremely well. We had a fantastic day and went to the zoo. My mother brought delicious food for us to eat at the zoo. That day, my father took a lot of photographs. It seems like it happened yesterday when I look at these photos because my memory of the event is so vivid. As a result, I cherish my childhood memories, which also help me to lift my spirits when I’m down.

Grammar

A. Study the following sentences and underline the connectives.

a. Although she spoke very fast, I understood what she meant to say.

b. In spite of her hard labour, she failed her exam.

c. Though he had all the required qualifications, he did not get the job.

d. Despite having all the qualifications, he did not get the job.

B. Join the following pairs of sentences twice, using although/though/even though and despite/in spite of as in the example.

a. He is a millionaire. He lives in a simple house.
– Although he is a millionaire, he lives in a simple house.
– Despite being a millionaire, he lives in a simple house.

b. The weather was extremely bad. The pilot landed the plane safely.
– In spite of extremely bad weather, the pilot landed the plane safely.
– Although the weather was extremely bad, the pilot landed the plane safely.

c. We study in the same college. We hardly see each other.
– Despite studying in the same college, we hardly see each other.
– Although we study in the same college, we hardly see each other.

d. It rained heavily. We enjoyed our holiday.
– Although it rained heavily, we enjoyed our holiday.
– In spite of the heavy rain, we enjoyed our holiday.

e. I had an umbrella. I got wet in the rain.
– Despite having an umbrella, I got wet in the rain.
– Although I had an umbrella, I got wet in the rain.

f. I was really tired. I could not sleep for a moment.
– Although I was really tired, I could not sleep for a moment.
– I couldn’t sleep despite being very tired.

g. She has a very good accent in English. She failed the interview of a newsreader.
– Despite having a very good accent in English, she failed the interview of a newsreader.
– Although she has a very good accent in English, she failed the interview of a newsreader.

h. Lhasa has extremely cold weather in winter. Millions of tourists go there in January.
– Millions of tourists go to Lhasa in January, even though it has extremely cold weather in winter.
– Despite having extremely cold weather in winter, millions of tourists go to Lhasa in January.

i. He was badly injured in the first round of the boxing match. He was victorious in the third round.
– In spite of being badly injured in the first round of the boxing match, he was victorious in the third round.
– Although he was badly injured in the first round of the boxing match, he was victorious in the third round.

C. Complete each sentence in an appropriate way.

a. He passed the exam although he hadn’t prepared well.

b. She climbed the mountain in spite of her leg injury.

c. He did not give any alms to the beggars even though he earned a lot.

d. In spite of his poor eyesight, he is conducting online courses.

e She does not go to parties, though she is very sociable.

f. He could not pass the test, in spite of his ten attempts.

g. He refused to eat anything despite having an appetite.

h. He could not score good grades in the SEE exams in spite of his hard work with private coaching.

i. She accepted the job although she couldn’t meet her salary expectation.

j. Even though we had planned everything carefully, we could not complete our mission

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