Composed Upon Westminster Bridge, September 3, 1802 – [Summary & Exercise of Class 10 NEB]

Wordsworth's "Composed Upon Westminster Bridge" celebrates the serene beauty of London in the early morning. The poem elevates the city's man-made structures to natural wonders, emphasizing the harmony between urban and natural elements. The tranquil scene leaves the poet in silent awe, underscoring the enduring power of nature.


William Wordsworth’s poem “Composed Upon Westminster Bridge, September 3, 1802” is a simple yet powerful piece of literature that offers a serene and straightforward depiction of a specific moment in time. The poem’s essence lies in its direct and unadorned approach, focusing on the vivid impressions and emotions experienced by the speaker as he gazes upon the scene from Westminster Bridge.

The poem is primarily a vivid depiction of nature and the metropolis in the early hours of the morning. The speaker’s views and opinions are presented in a simple and understandable manner, making it accessible to readers from a variety of backgrounds. Wordsworth’s description of the scene helps the reader to share the speaker’s emotion of awe and appreciation as he observes the serene beauty of the environment.

The principal topic of the poem is the contrast between the natural world and the urban environment, highlighting the concept that moments of great serenity and beauty may be found even within the busy metropolis. This concept is expressed through the speaker’s awe-inspiring description of the environment, which he remarks lacks the city’s customary noise and activity.

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Wordsworth highlights a transient and one-of-a-kind moment in time by making the tranquil early morning the topic of his poem. He takes readers on a trip via his eyes, inviting them to stop and appreciate the world’s beauty as he does. Wordsworth asks readers to explore nature’s transformational power and the ability of urban life and the wild world to live happily.

Finally, “Composed Upon Westminster Bridge, September 3, 1802” is a poem praised for its clarity and ability to transmit significant feelings and insights in a plain and approachable manner. Wordsworth’s choice to focus on the beauty of the cityscape in the early morning hours creates a sense of calm and emphasizes the possibility of spectacular moments of appreciation in the most commonplace of situations.

Line 1-3

Earth has not any thing to show more fair:

Dull would he be of soul who could pass by

A sight so touching in its majesty:

The beautiful depiction of the scene from Westminster Bridge by William Wordsworth captures a fundamental link between nature and the human soul. The poet’s enthusiasm for the panoramic splendor as he gazes over the peaceful River Thames, the stately metropolis of London, and the distant hills is more than just a bodily exaltation. Rather, it is a tribute to nature’s renewing and soul-stirring powers. Wordsworth’s assertion that “there is nothing fairer in all the world” reveals more than just aesthetic pleasure; it expresses a genuine regard for nature.

Wordsworth dives into metaphysical territory when he says that someone who may observe such a beautiful landscape and continue going without pausing to relish it is “soulless indeed.” This feeling supports the view that humanity’s intrinsic connection to nature is an important source of spiritual nourishment. The notion that a person who is unaffected by the spectacular view from Westminster Bridge is soulless emphasizes the need of engaging with the environment in order to have a sense of inner richness and energy. Wordsworth, a major contributor in the Romantic literary movement, emphasizes the Romantic notion that nature has the power to uplift the human soul by evoking intense emotions and promoting contemplation.

Wordsworth’s comments also allude to the notion of mindfulness and the necessity for people to take a moment to appreciate the world around them. In a fast-paced, industrialized civilization where people frequently speed by without pausing to appreciate the natural world, the poet’s message is a plea to halt and reconnect with nature. By doing so, one might revive their latent perceptions and reignite their innermost emotions, rediscovering the beauty and peace that exists within both nature and the human spirit.

Wordsworth’s lyrical musing on the vista from Westminster Bridge is a profound analysis of nature’s and the human spirit’s linked relationship. His comments serve as a reminder of the necessity of interacting with the natural world, and they highlight the inherent beauty that exists in both the exterior environment and the depths of the human spirit. This literary homage not only honors the beauty of the surroundings, but also calls for awareness and rekindling one’s inner life via contemplation of nature.

Line 4-8

This City now doth, like a garment, wear

The beauty of the morning; silent, bare,

Ships, towers, domes, theatres, and temples lie

Open unto the fields, and to the sky;

All bright and glittering in the smokeless air.

The lyrical observation of London in the morning by William Wordsworth provides a profound feeling of harmony between the urban environment and the natural world, stressing the inherent beauty of the city’s man-made architecture. He compares London to a garment that wears the beauty of the morning, implying that the city smoothly combines with the dawn, as if it were an extension of nature itself. The quiet and seeming bareness of the ships, towers, and buildings that make up the London skyline highlight a simplicity and subtle elegance that defies ostentation.

The depiction of London buildings as “open” to the fields and sky by Wordsworth represents an intriguing harmonization of the urban and natural realms. These constructions appear to adapt to their environment, forming a link between the earthy and cosmic splendor of the fields. The poet contends that, rather than being at odds with nature, man-made structures improve the overall beauty of the landscape by functioning as a conduit between earthy and spiritual forces. In this picture, London serves as a bridge between the commonplace and the sacred, demonstrating humanity’s ability to cohabit peacefully with the natural world.

The fact that the air in the early morning hours is “smokeless” adds to the sense of London’s seamless merger with nature. The lack of industrial pollutants at this time represents purity and cleanliness, highlighting the fleeting period of tranquillity before the hustle and bustle of everyday life begins. The poet’s depiction of London in the early morning emphasizes the transitory and untouched relationship between the city and environment, in which man-made structures embrace their natural surrounds in a condition of peaceful coexistence.

Wordsworth’s depiction of London in the morning exemplifies the intrinsic beauty of the city’s man-made structures and their link with the natural world. His painting emphasizes the concept that, in the early hours of the day, the city becomes a natural bridge between the terrestrial and heavenly, adjusting to its surroundings in harmony. This viewpoint encourages a reconsideration of the human-built environment and its ability to cohabit with nature in a way that enhances the world’s overall attractiveness.

Line 9-12

Never did sun more beautifully steep

In his first splendour, valley, rock, or hill;

Ne’er saw I, never felt, a calm so deep!

The river glideth at his own sweet will:

Wordsworth articulates a genuine appreciation for the inherent beauty and calm that may be found even in the center of an urban scene in his celebration of his identity as a nature poet. He claims that the sun has never risen more magnificently, nor have natural things such as valleys, rocks, or hills seemed as gorgeous as the city structures that adorn his perspective. This viewpoint emphasizes the poet’s capacity to find the remarkable in the everyday, raising man-made structures to the level of natural wonders.

Wordsworth’s appreciation for the exquisite beauty of the city’s architecture, as he considers the sizes and forms of these structures, demonstrates his close relationship with the urban environment. Rather of seeing the city as a threat to nature, he finds peace and tranquility in its presence. This embrace of the metropolitan reflects his idea that, even in the midst of a bustling metropolis, moments of peace and beauty may be found, similar to those seen in the tranquil countryside.

Furthermore, Wordsworth’s allusion to the city’s pre-business hours, when the wheels of industry had yet to spin, suggests a distinct era of stillness in the country’s capital. It is a period when the city appears to lose its hectic vitality for a brief moment, allowing for a profound connection with the nature. The poet sees the city as a place of respite in this calm, where the harmonious juxtaposition of urban and natural components produces a sense of inner tranquility and appreciation.

Wordsworth’s pride of being a nature poet is, in essence, a monument to his ability to discover beauty, tranquility, and connection with the environment not just in the conventional settings of valleys and hills, but also within the complicated fabric of city life. His point of view inspires us to reevaluate our connection with urban places and to see the potential for peace and calm that may be discovered, even in the midst of the country’s capital, before the demands of the day take hold.

Line 13-15

Dear God! the very houses seem asleep;

And all that mighty heart is lying still!

Thames seemed to be enjoying the leisurely rhythm of the early morning hours, meandering slowly through the cityscape and flowing languidly beneath the poet’s feet. This depiction of the river as a serene, even meditative presence mirrors the overall sense of peace that pervades the city at this time. It means that nature, particularly the river, coexists with the urban environment, adding to the city’s serene, untouched atmosphere.

As Wordsworth returns to the city’s structures, notably the residences, he draws a contrast between the city’s sleeping residents and the almost charmed architecture. Although the individuals within are sound sleeping, the bricks and mortar that make up these structures appear to be endowed with a certain type of calm. The dwellings themselves are depicted as if they are under a spell, accentuating the city’s deep feeling of tranquillity.

Wordsworth’s depiction of London’s heart, its very people, all sleeping in rest, emphasizes the concept that the city’s essential essence, the essence that makes it what it is, is found in this condition of dormancy. At the moment, the city has lost its typical frantic vitality and is distinguished by an almost otherworldly serenity. It’s as if the city’s heart, the inhabitants, are jointly participating in this shared serenity, forming an unsaid link between themselves and the urban landscape.

Wordsworth’s early morning portrayal of the Thames, the city’s structures, and its slumbering residents depicts a metropolis in peaceful rest. This moment in time inspires us to reflect on the peaceful coexistence of nature and urban life, as well as the profound sense of tranquility that can be found even in the center of a bustling metropolis when its inhabitants are at rest. The city, its architecture, and its inhabitants merge into a peaceful tapestry, temporarily removed from the frantic rush of daily life.


Wordsworth’s poems were a celebration of the natural beauty provided by the earth, and it is thus unusual to come across a poem of his that so celebrates the beauty of man-made structures. Wordsworth’s admiration takes the form of a Petrarchan sonnet, an Italian sonnet that was primarily used to express romantic love. It is made up of 14 lines: an octave, followed by a sestet.

In the end, the poet appears to be stunned into complete silence by the beauty of London. ‘Dear God! The very houses seem asleep; and all that mighty heart is lying still, he writes, using the exclamation to bring to a head the point that he has been labouring towards the entire poem: the beauty of London in the early morning is a stunning sight and one that should be seen to be believed.



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